Alejandro Mayorkas: House Republicans fail to impeach US homeland security secretary


Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas

By Mike Wendling

BBC News

The Republican-led House of Representatives has failed in a knife-edge vote to impeach Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas over the migrant crisis at the US-Mexico border.

Four Republicans broke ranks and joined all Democrats in the chamber to vote 216-214 against the measure.

Opponents of US President Joe Biden blame Mr Mayorkas for a surge in illegal immigration at the US frontier.

Border security is becoming a top political issue in the 2024 election.

Three Republican defectors, Ken Buck of Colorado, Tom McClintock of California and Mike Gallagher of Wisconsin, voted no on Tuesday evening.

A fourth, Blake Moore of Utah, switched his vote from yes to no, as a procedural manoeuvre to ensure that Republicans can bring the resolution up again at a time of their choosing.

There was a moment of high drama when Democratic Congressman Al Green of Texas was wheeled on to the floor wearing hospital scrubs to cast a no vote. He had been at the emergency room having surgery.

Even if the House had passed the vote, Mr Mayorkas was unlikely to have been found guilty by the Democratic-controlled Senate.

The impeachment proceedings were initiated by Marjorie Taylor Greene, a Georgia Republican, and after the vote she said she would try again.

“My colleagues who voted no, I think they’ll be hearing from their constituents,” she told reporters outside the Capitol.

Looking ahead, House Speaker Mike Johnson told reporters on Wednesday that Republicans are confident “we’ll do it on the next round”.

“We have a razor thin margin here and every vote counts – sometimes when you’re counting votes and people show up when they’re not expected to be in the building that changes the equation,” he said, referencing Congressman Green’s last minute appearance.

“You’re seeing the messy sausage making the process of democracy play out,” he said.

“We have to hold the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security accountable. Mayorkas needs to be held accountable. The Biden administration needs to be held accountable, and we will pass those articles of impeachment.” caption,

Watch: Burchett tells BBC border impeachment vote may return

House Speaker Johnson’s spokesman, Raj Shah, posted on X that Republicans would try again to impeach Mr Mayorkas “when we have the votes for passage”.

Several congressional Republicans said the setback would have no bearing on their separate impeachment investigation into President Biden.

Signs of dissent over the Mayorkas vote had surfaced among the party rank-and-file earlier in the day.

Mr McClintock said on Tuesday morning he would vote against impeachment as the articles “fail to identify an impeachable crime that Mayorkas has committed” and “stretch and distort the Constitution”.

Impeachment, a process set out in the US Constitution, is the first step in removing a federal official for a high crime or misdemeanour.

William Belknap
Image caption,William Belknap was the last cabinet secretary to be impeached in 1876

It requires a simple majority in the House and a two-thirds majority in the Senate to succeed. Democrats currently control the upper chamber.

The last cabinet secretary to be impeached was Secretary of War William Belknap in 1876, though he resigned shortly before the vote.

A Department of Homeland Security spokeswoman said in a statement: “This baseless impeachment should never have moved forward; it faces bipartisan opposition and legal experts resoundingly say it is unconstitutional.

“If House Republicans are serious about border security, they should abandon these political games,” she added.

House Republicans held two hearings in January and charged Mr Mayorkas with failing to enforce immigration policies and lying to lawmakers about whether the southern border was secure.

The secretary did not testify during the hearings.

Before Tuesday’s vote, Democrat Jim McGovern of Massachusetts said Republicans wanted to “create chaos, they want to create confusion, and they want to create a campaign issue for Donald Trump going into the next election”. caption,

Watch: A look at the US border as immigration debate heats up

But Republican Chip Roy of Texas argued that Mr Mayorkas had failed to enforce US immigration law “in a way that has led directly to the death of American citizens” as well as migrants.

A January poll conducted by CBS – the BBC’s US partner – suggests that 63% of Americans want “tougher” border policies.

More than 6.3 million migrants are known to have entered the US illegally since Mr Biden took office in 2021.

About 2.4 million were allowed into the US, where the majority wait for immigration court dates in which they can make a case for asylum. The system is so overwhelmed that this can take years.

This week, a bipartisan group of US senators announced a bill that would step up border enforcement efforts as well as provide additional aid for Ukraine and Israel.

House Republicans have rejected the bill outright.

Immediately after Tuesday’s impeachment vote, the House considered a separate Republican bill that would have provided $17.6bn (£14bn) to Israel, but it, too, failed to pass.

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